The disturbances on the Venezuelan border were ignited by attempts by civilians to flee the impoverished South American country and receive humanitarian aid donated from around the world in neighbouring Colombia. However activists were prevented from making the crossing on the Simon Bolivar Bridge and responded by throwing Molotov cocktails at the Venezuelan military, according to Russian news agency Sputnik. Soldiers used tear gas and water cannons injuring more than 300 and killing two.
The military remain largely loyal to under-fire President Nicolás Maduro despite worldwide condemnation from more than 50 countries including the UK and US.
Most western countries now recognise Juan Guaidó as its rightful leader.
The President of the Venezuelan National Assembly, Mr Guaidó met with US allies in Bogota on Sunday night, despite growing tension between Mr Maduro and Washington officials.
Protestors clash with Venezuelan national guards on Simon Bolivar Bridge
The Venezuelan regime accuses US president Donald Trump of fabricating the scale of the problems and accused Washington of trying to orchestrate a coup.
Meanwhile during the meeting with US vice-president Mike Pence, Mr Guaidó called on the international community to consider “all measures to free” the country.
The US said it will impose “even stronger” sanctions and called on allies to freeze the assets of its state-owned oil company, PDVSA.
Soldiers used tear gas and water cannons against the demonstrators
Meanwhile Washington continues to refuse to rule out military intervention in a bid to force Mr Maduro out of office.
Mr Pence said: ”To leaders around the world – it’s time.
“There can be no bystanders in Venezuela’s struggle for freedom.
“Nicolas Maduro is a usurper with no legitimate claim to power, and Nicolas Maduro must go.”
Meanwhile the EU urged those gathered in Bogota to seek a peaceful solution and avoid military action.
A spokesman for Federica Mogherini, the EU diplomatic chief, said: “We must avoid a military intervention.
“What is explicitly quite clear, from our point of view, is that we need a peaceful political and democratic and Venezuelan-owned resolution of this crisis.
“This obviously excludes the use of force.”
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